Relationship between proteins & amino acids
What are amino acids?
Amino acids are special organic molecules used by living organisms to make proteins. The main elements in amino acids are carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. There are twenty different kinds of amino acids that combine to make proteins in our bodies. Our bodies can actually make some amino acids, but the rest we must get from our food.
What are proteins?
Proteins are long chains of amino acids. There are thousands of different proteins in the human body. They provide all sorts of functions to help us survive.
Why are they important?
Proteins are essential for life. Around 20% of our body is made up of proteins. Every cell in our body uses proteins to perform functions.
How are they made?
Proteins are made inside cells. When a cell makes a protein it is called protein synthesis. The instructions for how to make a protein are held in DNA molecules inside the cell nucleus. The two major stages in making a protein are called transcription and translation.
OLOFIN Ademola (Biochemist)
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